Theology Department Courses


Department of Theology

Any course in the Department of Theology not marked as Required can be taken as an elective-at-large in the Advanced Certificate program.


1119 Christian Worldview and Human Well-Being

November 2020 Webinar:


The West still retains some semblance of Biblical thinking and habits.  However, as these diminish, so too will many of the necessary principles that we have cherished.  The following are principles that secularism/atheism/materialism/naturalism will not be able to sustain for long and which are now quickly and tragically disappearing from the Western worldview—Human Primacy, Equality, Human Rights, Free Will and Culpability, Justice, Objective Moral Law, and Meaning/Purpose.


Cost - $25.

Click here to Register


200 Introduction to Theology

Theology is an attempt to answer the significant questions of life using the data God has revealed in the Scriptures.  Once the “queen of the sciences,” theology has either been ignored in our culture or has been corrupted by theologians who have rejected the uniqueness and trustworthiness of the Bible.  This course will present an overview of various types of theology, outline principles for doing good theology, survey the historical development of evangelical theology, and assist you in identifying the importance of thinking theologically.

Required for the Intermediate Certificate


New Student? Click to ENROLL

Under the leadership of Dean Nelson Thermitus

B.Arch., New Jersey Institute of Technology; M.A. Christian Education, Dallas Theological Seminary; DEdMin, Dallas Theological Seminary; ESL Certification, Kean University. Associate Pastor, New Jerusalem Baptist Church, Irvington NJ; Dean, Evangelical Bible Institute, Irvington NJ.


201 Basic Christianity

This practical course in the principles of the Christian life addresses topics such as faith, prayer, God's Word, the centrality of Christ, witnessing, fellowship, and the place of the Bible in daily living.  With careful attention to these basics, the believer can grow in the faith and fulfill God's plan for their lives.  New Christians will gain instruction in beginning their newfound spiritual life, while more mature Christians will be revived in their quest to regain their first love.

Required for the Intermediate Certificate.


New Student? Click to ENROLL

Under the leadership of Dr. Douglas Knowles


B.S. Psychology, SUNY College at Oneonta; M.S. Clinical Social Work, Hunter College School of Social Work; M.Div., Bethel Seminary; D.Min. Global Church Leadership, Alliance Theology Seminary. Lead Pastor, Second Evangelical Free Church, Brooklyn.



202A Discerning the Voice of God

How can I discern the voice of God?  Have you ever asked yourself that question?  Together we can discover the root to clear and daily communication with God—humble obedience.  Learn how surrender unlocks His many blessings intended for us, centers us in His will, and helps us discern His voice in everyday life.  The benefits of this study will allow you to challenge yourself in the daily discipline of Bible study.  It is through this discipline that you will understand God's voice through His Word.  Priscilla Shirer's teaching will give practical advice in how to do so.  We will learn to recognize the Holy Spirit's character, language, and tone of voice.  The hope and prayer of this study is that you will experience a deeper relationship with God, and strengthen your daily walk with Him.  This study includes video teaching by Priscilla Shirer and classroom facilitation and conversation by the instructor.


NOTE:  This course is for women only.


Knowing and Doing the Will of God

Christians are very concerned with “finding the will of God.”  This course will seek to address what is meant by “the will of God” and how God communicates His will.  Several key texts will be examined to determine whether our current understanding of the will of God is Biblical and how to live it out.

Fulfills elective for Advanced Certificate.


202P A Theology of Prayer

This course will look at the confusing issues that arise regarding the Bible’s teachings on prayer including:

How do I get my prayers answered?

Do I have enough faith to get them answered?

What if I doubt?  Will this block my prayers?

Should I pray for everyone?

Can I receive whatever I pray for as long as I have enough faith?

How must I pray?  For how long?  How precise?


Required textbook:


Theology of Prayer, Daniel Mann, textbook distribution to be handled by the instructor 


202P1 Learning to Pray Beyond Basic Needs

Christians know they are supposed to pray but few are taught how to pray beyond personal needs.  This course will guide students through a study of the many different kinds of prayer in Scripture.  In addition, students will develop and express these different kinds of prayer in the classroom.  This course will seek to help students create a basic definition of prayer; identify from Scripture the major categories of prayer; develop a personal prayer for each category; pray prayers from each prayer category in the class; and develop a plan to invigorate a personal prayer life.


202R Repentance and Forgiveness: Essentials of the Christian Faith

Although recognize the importance of repentance and forgiveness we often will fall short in applying them to our own lives.  It is essential therefore to understand exactly what they are and how to embrace them personally.  How else might we expect to lead others towards fruitful spiritual lives?!  Offering forgiveness must follow the Biblical model.  Ongoing repentance is essential in the life of the believer for genuine transformation and freedom.  Come, let’s grow together!


203 Living the Abundant Life in Christ

Christ said, “I come that they may have life and have it abundantly.”  To have abundant life is not simply about existing day to day but thriving night by night.  As disciples of Christ, we can experience fuller, richer lives by seeking to live lives marked by joy, praise, wisdom, stewardship, rest, and prayer.  This course will examine each of these aspects of Christian living and their impact on our lives when implemented with enthusiasm.


203A Abounding Faith: Choosing Faith Over Fear

As Christians, we are called to walk by faith and not by sight.  Many times that is easier said than done, especially during this trying time we are facing.  In this class, we will look at the lives of various Heroes of Faith from the Bible and examine how their faith in God was tested and thus learn how God came through for them in their greatest time of need.  The insights we glean from their experiences will help to equip and empower you to trust God’s faithfulness no matter what challenges or obstacles you may face.  This course is designed to fuel your faith for without faith, it is impossible to please God.

Required text:

Abounding Faith:  30 Bible Heroes Who Will Inspire You to Believe God for the Impossible!, by Nancy Gavilanes


203B Crossing Your River Jordan

Women-only Course


Do you ever feel like you are never going to make it to your Promised Land? This course will take you on a journey with Joshua from the Bible. We will explore Joshua's story and gain insight from how he went from being Moses' aide and living in the wilderness for forty years to leading the children of Israel triumphantly into the Promised Land. Be empowered and inspired as your live out God's plan for you.


New Student? Click to ENROLL

Under the leadership of Nancy Gavilanes.

B.A., State University of New York at New Paltz; M.A., New York University. Christian author of five books and a speaker. Contributing writer for Our Daily Bread’s VOICES Collection. Studied at the New York School of the Bible. Attends Times Square Church.

Connect with Nancy on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube, Pinterest and at www.AboundingFaith.com.



206 Creation as the Foundation of Biblical Doctrine

Does it really matter if we believe the idea that there is a Creator?  Failure to acknowledge God as Creator as affirmed throughout the entire Bible has had a devastating impact on many areas of Christian doctrine.  When the Church departs from a strict understanding of this doctrine, we cannot expect that the world will uphold it either.  One of the most obvious examples is in the undermining of morality that is caused by rejection of Biblical creation doctrine.  This course will demonstrate what effect denial of Biblical creation has had and where it has brought us in such areas as racism, abortion, homosexuality, and others where people have lost sight of or have refused the God of creation.


Fulfills Advanced Certificate any department elective.


210 God and the Bible

Understanding Who God is and what He has said forms the basis for living a meaningful life.  Understanding the Bible’s revelation about God’s character and His work in the world is the starting point for developing a worldview based on truth rather than speculation.  Holding that the Scriptures are the actual words of God enables the student to confidently search for answers to life’s most profound questions.

Required for the Intermediate Certificate.


New Student? Click to ENROLL

Under the leadership of Dean Nelson Thermitus

B.Arch., New Jersey Institute of Technology; M.A. Christian Education, Dallas Theological Seminary; DEdMin, Dallas Theological Seminary; ESL Certification, Kean University. Associate Pastor, New Jerusalem Baptist Church, Irvington NJ; Dean, Evangelical Bible Institute, Irvington NJ.


211 Father, Son, Holy Spirit and You

The doctrine of the Trinity is the core of the Christian faith.  Without it, our gospel message makes no sense.  Yet you would be hard pressed to find a more misunderstood doctrine in Christianity.  Find out what the doctrine of the Trinity is and what it reveals about both us and our God as we examine this great truth from the Scriptures and look at its historical development.


211A The Gospel According to the Trinity

It has taken the incredible work of the combined power of the God-head to bring our souls to salvation.  Imagine a love so deep that has the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit working to save us and sealing our salvation.  From creation, revelation, salvation, and baptism, the God-head is working to make all of God’s good and perfect will come to fruition.  This class will discuss the theology and work of the Trinity in connection to salvation.  Additionally discusses is the work the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit in each aspect of the Gospel and consequently to the birth and formation of the church.


212K Knowing God in Christ: Our Life's Priority

As we live in an exciting and intellectually stimulating time, our most impressive world offers abundant information, unprecedented communication capabilities, rich and diverse entertainment options, advanced technological comfort, the finest luxuries, and more.  These luring imposters, albeit non-nefarious in and of themselves, subtly seduce us with a fleeting gratification, ultimately leaving us empty and unfulfilled.  The quest for personal satisfaction is both futile and misguided.  Amidst this blur, what really matters most is so easily set aside.  Sadly, our true priority in life is often not even fully realized, rarely wholeheartedly embraced, let alone actually enjoyed!

Beyond knowing “about” God, which is where we must start, growing in relationship to Him, in and through the person of Jesus Christ, is indeed what really matters.  As we allow God to reveal Himself to us, He draws us even closer, graciously quenching our deepest thirst, with the wonder, glory, and joy of knowing Him.  Join us as we seek to apprehend the immense fullness of God!


215A When God Asks the Questions

Why would God ask anyone a question?  We ask questions when we do not understand.  Yet, the Creator of the universe Who spoke all that we see into being asks questions.  Unimaginable power and wisdom are already His.  As strange as it may seem to us, the Bible is filled with questions God asks.  he is not the one who needs answer—These questions help us to understand both God and ourselves.


Fall I, Saturdays, 9 a.m. - Hewitt


215C Created in the Image of God

Everyone on earth is created in the image of God.  But what does that mean for our lives?  In this course, we will examine what it means to be made in the image of God through the categories of the problem of sin, of the promise of the Gospel, of the example of Christ, and of the ethics of our daily lives.


215E God and Evil: The Pursuit of Hope in a Corrupted World

If God is love . . . and He is all-powerful . . . why does evil even exist?  Various aspects of this great theodicypractical, personal, social, theological, philosophical, and spiritualwill be discussed.  Hope is offered to questions generated by the existence of suffering and affliction.  The very character of God and the cross of Jesus Christ are examined in our quest to address these concerns.  Alternatives to a Biblical worldview fall short.  Grappling with the problem of evil will give rise to an enhanced Biblical perspective and prove valuable as practical personal challenges arise.  This will not only prepare you to better articulate responses to difficult questions to those who are perplexed, anxious, or confused but also potentially open new opportunities to share the Gospel.


216A Reasons to Believe That the Bible Is the Word of God

The most significant challenge to our faith is the question of whether or not the Bible is the Word of God or the words of men.  Without the confidence that the Bible is authored by God, the entire foundation of our faith withers.  This course will examine the reasons to believe that the Bible is essentially a gift from God.  It will examine the Bible’s internal consistency to show that it required one Intelligent Designer to coordinate all of its integrated elements.  It will also examine its wisdom, miracles (especially the resurrection), how it came to be canonized, enemy testimony, and fulfilled prophecy.  I trust that this course will provide a shield of protection against the doubts and the necessary equipment and reassurances to take the Gospel out into this skeptical world.

Required texts will be available from the instructor


220 Humanity and Sin

The great issues of life ultimately hinge on one’s view of human nature.  Our world is plagued by the need to satisfactorily explain humanity’s great capacity for creativity, ingenuity, and expression in the face of gross displays of inhumanity.  This course will explore God’s answer to these problems and provide hope for our human existence.

Required for the Intermediate Certificate.

Required Textbook: Basic Theology: A Popular Systematic Guide to Understanding Biblical Truth


New Student? Click to ENROLL

Under the leadership of Pastor Nehru Grant

B.S. Organizational Management/Church Development, Nyack College.  M.Div., Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary. NYSB Alumnus. Senior Pastor, Living Hope Christian Church, Queens.



225 The Biblical Doctrine of Sin

It is important to understand the concept of sin so we can understand our need for the salvation provided by Jesus Christ.  This course will seek to help students understand the universal and personal nature of sin, the magnitude of our sin, and the cure Jesus Christ provides.  This course will seek to help students develop a basic definition of sin from Scripture; explain the origins of sin and evil; understand and articulate the impact of sin on all creation, especially man; and highlight the ways Christians can resist and overcome sin.


230 Christ and Salvation

The eternal destiny of each person is ultimately determined by one’s response to Jesus Christ.  Jesus presented Himself as God’s Son by performing works consistent with His nature and speaking words full of grace and truth.  Jesus declared His purpose in life as having come to “seek and to save that which was lost.”  Accepting His provision of salvation provides entrance into the eternal Kingdom of God. Understanding the full scope of this salvation provides motivation for serving Him acceptably while living within the kingdom of humankind.

Required for the Intermediate Certificate.

Required Textbook:

Basic Theology, Charles Ryrie, Moody Press; 0-8024-2734-0


239L Is "Lordship" Salvation Biblical?

The central tenet of Evangelical theology has always been justification by faith alone in Christ alone.  Does that mean that a sincere profession of faith in the Lord Jesus Christ is sufficient for salvation?  Or does faith include works that the believer must do once (hopefully) saved in order to be sure he really has the right kind of faith that saves?  And must our witnessing to the unsaved include warnings of eternal judgment for those who fail to demonstrate by their lives that they are regenerate?  For centuries down to the present day, these questions have been debated.  This course will demonstrate the importance of these issues as they played out in church history even apart from Roman Catholicism, and how they affect the believer's assurance of salvation.

Fulfills Advanced Certificate any department elective.


240 The Holy Spirit and the Church

The Holy Spirit is one of the three members of the Trinity in the Christian understanding of God, and possibly the least understood, least emphasized or least appreciated among the Three.  This class will seek to explore the history of the doctrine of the Holy Spirit, the work of the Holy Spirit as documented in the Old Testament, the life of Jesus, and the life of the Church. The course will also examine the theology, nature and history of the church (ecclesiology), focusing on the work of the Holy Spirit to inaugurate, empower and gift it for the effective ministry of the Gospel among God’s people.

Required for the Advanced Certificate.


New Student? Click to ENROLL

Under the leadership of Dr. Douglas Knowles


B.S. Psychology, SUNY College at Oneonta; M.S. Clinical Social Work, Hunter College School of Social Work; M.Div., Bethel Seminary; D.Min. Global Church Leadership, Alliance Theology Seminary. Lead Pastor, Second Evangelical Free Church, Brooklyn.



241 Understanding: The Holy Spirit

He is the Godhead who works behind the scenes.  Yet He is powerful, dangerous, and necessary.  He is indeed the source Christians need to live a godly life and fulfill their purpose.  From beginning to end, He is throughout the Scripture.  He is so vital to the work of God that Jesus said these words:  “Nevertheless, I tell you the truth:  it is to your advantage that I go away, for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you.  But if I go, I will send him to you.”  (John 16:7; ESV)  Who is He?  Is He still at work today?  Is He only connected to certain denominations?  What is His purpose in our lives?  We need the Holy Spirit if we are to live godly lives.


244E Today's Emerging Church—Doctrinal Dangers

In recent years, some who claimed to be Evangelicals or who came from evangelical backgrounds have brought a new direction to the church.  Desiring a more intimate experience, they put doctrine aside and seek a more personal introspective type of Christianity.  Methods of procedure include “meditation,” centering-prayer, and other forms of mysticism found in non-biblical religions.  This course will delineate the methods used and demonstrate how this thinking has penetrated Evangelicalism and why it is a serious danger to the truth.

Fulfills  elective for Advanced Certificate..


245 The Church: To the Ends of the Earth


How did Jesus respond when the disciples asked Him:  “Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?”  (Acts 1:6b)  The disciples sought the reestablishment of their nation, the kingdom of Israel.  However, Jesus had a larger and more profound plan.  His plan was the establishment of His Church among the people of the whole world.  In this course, we want to examine this plan in order to understand its purpose, content, power, Head, and realization.


245R A Theology of the Church

What is the Bible’s theology of the Church?  Our study, from a Reformed theological position, will include such topics as:  The Church—Visible and Invisible; The Old Testament and the Church; Children and the Church;  The Church—Already and Not Yet.


248C Four Views on the Lord's Supper

We do this every month in our church.  For many of us, it is the first Sunday of the month, and for others, it is every Sunday.  For the most part, we take communion just because we are told we are supposed to, but many times we have no idea what it means or why it is done today.  What is the significance of communion?  Why is it done in every church several times a year?  It is essential for us to understand the truth, the deepness, and the beauty of the communion.  In this course you will understand the historical background of Passover and communion.  You will also learn about the involvement of the Godhead in communion.  Lastly, you will understand the four different views of communion taken by many churches all over the world.  This course promises to have a deep impact on your life.


250 Angels and the End of the Age

Some of the most intriguing questions that Christians have pondered for centuries include the existence and nature of angels and demons, the tribulation/Rapture/Millennium, and the second coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.  These issues are important, for they inform many aspects of our beliefs and influence the way we live our lives in the present age.  This class will seek to expose the student to the classic, orthodox viewpoints in each of these areas and equip the student to live effectively as we await the return of Jesus Christ.

Required for the Advanced Certificate.


New Student? Click to ENROLL

Under the Leadership of Dr. Douglas Knowles


B.S. Psychology, SUNY College at Oneonta; M.S. Clinical Social Work, Hunter College School of Social Work; M.Div., Bethel Seminary; D.Min. Global Church Leadership, Alliance Theology Seminary. Lead Pastor, Second Evangelical Free Church, Brooklyn.



251 Angels and Demons

In all of Christendom, these beings are the least discussed, yet they are all over the Bible.  Who are the angels?  Who is this Lucifer, or the Devil?  Who and what are demons?  They should not be ignored.  They are still very relevant today and hard at work.  It is imperative that you as a Christian know about them and their involvement.  Your faith depends on it!


259B The Believer and Rewards

God gives everlasting life, including the new birth, justification, the forgiveness of sins, and many other blessings, as a gift freely to all who have believed on the Lord Jesus Christ as He promised.  The New Testament does not end with this gracious blessing, however, as glorious as it is.  God also desires to supply an abundant life for believers in this world and in the coming one as well.  But there are conditions for the attainment of these additional privileges and rewards.  This course seeks to present what the rewards are and the conditions involved in their attainment.


259R The Rapture

Not all Christians agree on the doctrine of the rapture of the Church.  People of the Reformed tradition reject the rapture, while Dispensationalists disagree on where the rapture fits in God’s redemptive plan.  This course will examine the major views on the rapture, tracing their historical origins.


259S The Second Coming of Christ

We will explore this exciting event by the examination of major Bible texts and the teaching of Jesus Himself.  This study will be based first on the prophecies regarding the first coming, then on the prophecies about the second coming, and then also on an examination of current events.


260A Worldview Apologetics: Defending the Faith

There are so many challenges to our faith in the marketplace of ideas.  If not prepared to respond to the challenges, one can be intimidated into silence or just take refuge in the fortress of blind faith by saying, “I know Jesus lives in my heart.”  Although it is true that He does, just saying so does not qualify for obedience to what Jude 3 requires—contending earnestly for the faith. This course is an introduction to Christian Apologetics and aims to equip students with the knowledge and skills required to defend their faith and engage in meaningful dialogue with others who wrestle with existential and intellectual questions about life, faith and meaning.

Required for the Advanced Certificate.


New Student? Click to ENROLL

Under the Leadership of Dr. Joseph Cina


Dr. Joe Cina holds a Master of Arts in Christian Ministry from Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary. He also has a Bachelor of Science, Master of Science and Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering/Electrophysics. He is the Life Groups and Alpha Course Coordinator at First Baptist Church of Flushing.


  • Spring I - 2023 Tuesdays, 6:00 pm - Joe Cina

260B Religions and Worldviews--A Comparison with Christianity

In order to speak effectively to people of other religions, we have to be able to enter into their thinking (1 Cor. 9:19-23).  This course will help equip you to understand other religions:  their development, variety, appeal, commonalities, weaknesses, and vulnerabilities.  Each has its own worldview which we will analyze and compare with Christianity and provide strategies of engagement.  We will review Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Satanism and some modern religions.  This course will also help us to better understand our own faith.

Required for the Worldview Apologetics Diploma.


260C Cults and Other Beliefs that Challenge the Biblical Faith

Knowing who God is critically important.  We find that the cults inevitably present a different Jesus and a different Gospel.  The Church needs to identify their distorted interpretations and to counter them, along with other trending beliefs that now challenge the Church.  These would include Universalism (all will be saved), Mysticism (we can experience God through a variety of techniques), Secular Psychology, Evolution, and other modern beliefs, which are offered to make us socially acceptable to the "educated" community.

Required for the Worldview Apologetics Diploma.


260D Reasons to Believe the Bible Is the Word of God

The most significant challenge to our faith is the question of whether or not the Bible is the Word of God or the words of men.  Without the confidence that the Bible is authored by God, the entire foundation of our faith withers.  This course will examine the reasons to believe that the Bible is essentially a gift from God.  It will examine the Bible’s internal consistency to show that it required one Intelligent Designer to coordinate all of its integrated examine the Bible’s internal consistency to show that it required one Intelligent Designer to coordinate all of its integrated elements.  It will also examine its wisdom, miracles (especially the resurrection), how it came to be canonized, enemy testimony, and fulfilled prophecy.  I trust that this course will provide a shield of protection against the doubts and the necessary equipment and reassurances to take the Gospel out into this skeptical world.

Required for the Worldview Apologetics Diploma.


260E Worldview Apologetics: Proof the Bible Is God's Word

Beholding the harmony between the Old and New Testaments is a thing of beauty and also powerful evidence of  the authoring hand of the Holy Spirit.  While Jewish commentators insist that the Apostles misrepresented the teachings of the Hebrew Scriptures regarding forgiveness, grace, atonement, God, and many other ideas, we find that both of our Testaments agree to an incredible extent.  If we fail to understand this, we might be easily misled by assertions that “Paul and Jesus got it wrong!”  We will examine these Jewish challenges.

Required for the Worldview Apologetics Certificate.


260F Worldview Apologetics: Religions and Worldviews

In order to speak effectively to people of other religions, we have to be able to enter into their thinking (1 Cor. 9:19–23).  This course will help equip you to understand other religions:  their development, variety, appeal, commonalities, weaknesses, and vulnerabilities.  Each has its own worldview which we will analyze and compare with Christianity and provide strategies of engagement.  This will also help us to better understand our own faith.

Required for the Worldview Apologetics Certificate.


260G Worldview Apologetics: Cults

Peter instructs us that “His divine power has given us everything we need for life and godliness through our knowledge of Him” (2 Peter 1:3).  Therefore, knowing who God is is so critically important.  We find that the cults inevitably present a different Jesus and a different Gospel.  The Church needs to be able to identify distorted interpretations and to counter them for the sake of its people.  Paul writes that it is a duty of an elder to “hold firmly to the trustworthy message as it has been taught, so that he can encourage others by sound doctrine and refute those who oppose it” (Titus 1:9).  This is not an option but a command.  This course will examine the teachings of the Mormons, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and various cult leaders in order to critique their errant interpretations of Scripture.

Required for the Worldview Apologetics Certificate.


260H Worldview Apologetics: Ethics and Moral Questions

Proverbs 13:14 tells us, “The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life, that one may turn away from the snares of death.”  This gives us an incredible opportunity to be the salt and light to a dying world.  However, we need to be able to speak wisely about the issues that confront humanity today.  This course will examine some of the difficult ethical issues of the day, including civil disobedience, warfare, separation of Church and State, gay marriage, and reproductive technologies, in order to equip the Church to be that “fountain of life.”  This course will involve much discussion.

Required for the Worldview Apologetics Certificate.


270A Church History: The Early Church

History does not have to be boring!  Step into the world of the early Christian Church as it faced its greatest period of persecution, while expanding at one of the fastest rates since its inception.  Learn about the great people of God, the doctrinal struggles, and the miraculous adventure of our Christian forefathers from the close of the New Testament to 590 A.D.

Required for the Church History Certificate.


270B Church History: The Dark Ages

King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table, the Islamic expansion, the Revival of the Holy Roman Empire, and much more marked the period from 590–1054 A.D., better known as The Dark Ages.  What shadows passed over the Church, crushing its spirit and threatening its extinction?  What windows of hope pointed to a brighter tomorrow?  Grab your flashlight and travel deep into The Dark Ages.

Required for the Church History Certificate.


270C Church History: Scholasticism and the Pre-Reformation Era

This age of Church history has become known as “Scholasticism” because an age of scholarship arose from the dust heap of the Dark Ages.  Human reason and Christian theology were reconciled as the teachings of the Church were organized.  Walk with us through the corridors of learning from 1054–1500 A.D.

Required for the Church History Certificate.


270D Church History: Why Only 66 Books in the Bible?

Are there lost books of the Bible?  Did Constantine select the books for the canon?  Who has the right number of biblical books, the Roman Catholics or the Protestants?  Which English translations are the best?  Learn how the biblical canon was formed, how it was passed down through the centuries, what issues the Church faced in translating the Bible, and why there are so many varieties of translations today.

Required for the Church History Certificate.


270E Church History: The Reformation to the Great Awakening

Though covering just over 200 years from 1500–1750 A.D., this era of Church history explodes with some of the fastest-paced drama and excitement of all times.  We know the names of the Reformation leaders, but do we know them?  How did denominations begin?  What started the missions movement?  Was the Great Awakening truly a revival?  All this and more in just seven short weeks!

Required for the Church History Certificate.


270F Church History: American Revivalism

Following the Second Great Awakening in the early nineteenth century, a new school of thought developed, fueled by Charles Finney.  Revival, it stated, comes as a result of the right use of means.  The next hundred years became the birthing ground for exciting moves of God and of some crazy heresies.  But what groups fall into which category?  Criteria will be given in an attempt to help you answer this question.

Required for the Church History Certificate.


270G Church History: Modern Christianity

With the First World War, the age of Revivalism passed and the Evangelical movement was born.  This past century has recorded phenomenal successes and horrifying defeats for the Protestant Church.  The Catholic Church also has been transformed, while the Orthodox Church, long hidden away, has stepped into the open.  Understanding the Church of the twentieth century will help us in the twenty-first century with greater confidence.

Required for the Church History Certificate.


270H Church History: The Development of Denominations

Today there are tens of thousands of branches of Christianity.  Where did they come from?  This study will trace the roots of the denominational system from the time of the New Testament to our many-faceted current structure.  Protestants are not alone in the denominational splits, so the class will also cover the divisions in the Roman, Orthodox, and Oriental sects, along with a small discussion of the roots of common cults that branched off the Christian faith.

Requried for the Church History Certificate.


271A The Theology of the Apostolic Fathers

The writings of the New Testament are the foundation of the Christian faith.  A collection of 27 books represent the literary production of the followers of Jesus.  The writings after this period are called patristic literature and reveal how Christianity grew and changed over the centuries.  There are 10 authors who are traditionally called the Apostolic Fathers.  Some are well known figures of the early second century such as Ignatius of Antioch and Polycarp of Smyrna while others are anonymous.  In this course, we will examine the theology of the Apostolic Fathers.  The writings of these early Church Fathers cover a wide genre of literary style from an apocalyptic worldview to a Christian apologetic.
Fulfills elective for Advanced Certificate.


272B The Conflict Between Jerusalem and Antioch

First-century Christianity should not be viewed as a monolithic institution.  The Church was diverse from its very inception.  Paul’s congregations differed in doctrine and practice from congregations in Judea.  The Antiochene Church differed from both Jerusalem and the Pauline congregations.  One of the most glaring encounters between Antioch and Jerusalem was the Antinomian conflict.  New Testament scholar F. C. Baur was the first to propose that there were two evangelistic campaigns in the early Christian community.  The Jerusalem Church organized the first campaign.  Paul organized the second campaign.  Observance of the Torah was at the center of the antinomian controversy.  Should new Gentile converts to Christianity be compelled to convert to Judaism and observe the Torah?  Both the Book of Acts and the Epistle to the Galatians help us understand this early theological controversy.


The Start and Growth of the Early Church

After Pentecost, the formal construct of "the church" began, and it experienced tremendous growth and influence. What was it that made the early church so effective?  What principles can we glean from its form and practice that might help us in leading the church today?  This course will examine the key structural facets of the early church from Acts 2:42-47, and how they contributed towards its establishment and growth.  We will also study how they can be applied to the modern church today, to sustain the church's vitality and expansion.


273 Why So Many Denominations?

There are thousands upon thousands of branches of Christianity, some large and many small.  Many distinguish themselves with unique theology or practice while others are separated by language, geography, or history.  With the Bible’s emphasis on the unity of God’s people, can we all just get along?  This study will trace the roots of the denominational landscape from the time of the New Testament to our current many-faceted family tree.  The class will cover the divisions in the Roman, Orthodox, Oriental, and Protestant streams, along with a small discussion of the roots of common cults that have separated from the Christian faith.  We will see many ways the Holy Spirit has moved in, around, and through these groups and churches.


273A A History of the African-American Church

The African-American church occupies a distinct place in American life.  It has been shaped by a people committed to Jesus Christ who have been impacted by a variety of social forces often beyond their control.  All believers need to be aware of the heritage of the African-American church.


273D History of the Contemporary African-American Church

This is a detailed study of the African-American Church from the 1940s to the present.  We will explore the rise of Gospel music, Civil Rights, Black Nationalism, ordination of women, urbanization, seminary education, youth violence, police violence, the election of Barack Obama, and a host of other issues.  Since there is a dearth of research, students will depend primarily on classroom lectures.  We will also examine the works of W. E. B. Dubois, Eric Lincoln, Lawrence H. Mamiya, John Hope Franklin, Albert Raboteau, and James Cone, who are pioneers in the study of the Black Church.


273E A History of the Charismatic Movement

The phenomenon of the Charismatic-Pentecostal Movement has had and continues to have a profound impact on the course of Christianity in the world.  A consideration of the history of the movement provides an important means of evaluating the Biblical soundness of its teachings and practices, whether to be emulated or shunned.  The course will present the lives and beliefs of some of the leaders of the movement during the last century up to the present, its important affect on the ecumenical movement, and how it relates to the Bible and prophecy.


273F The Nature and Influence of Modern-day "Prophets"

Recently a self-styled prophet announced his call for the end of the COVID 19 scourge.  He and a number of others like him have a considerable following and influence.  Through the use of the media and impressive claims that they are doing God’s work in healing and by other alleged signs, they have attracted many people.  Believers, however, are warned repeatedly not to be deceived by them, and to separate from them (e.g., 1 Tim. 4:1; 2 Tim. 3:1).  Are they really doing the work of God?  Or do they cause only confusion among the saints?  How did this movement begin?  How do we evaluate the claims and practices of the modern Word-Faith and Charismatic movements from a biblical perspective?  Find the answers to these and other issues in this course.

Fulfills Advanced Certificate any department elective.

Required text:

Strange Fire, by John F. MacArthur


A Biblical Evaluation of Eastern Orthodoxy

Eastern Orthodoxy presents a growing influence among professing Evangelicals.  Besides the conversions that have led some astray, the system appeals to many others because of its mysticism, as seen especially in the Emerging Church Movement.  This course will look objectively at the basic beliefs of Eastern Orthodoxy in the light of the Bible, especially what it teaches about justification by faith alone in the Lord Jesus Christ alone, its understanding of baptism, and the us of icons.
Fulfills elective for Advanced Certificate.


Heroes of the Faith--Then and Now

God has raised up many heroes of the faith.  Their lives are rich with spiritual blessings, challenges, and practical applications for each of us.  Come to this course ready to be enriched by looking into the great spiritual heritage which is available to us but often overlooked or simply just neglected by today’s busy church.
Fulfills elective for Advanced Certificate.


274C Powerful Leaders in Church History

While many have heard of Augustine, Calvin, and Spurgeon, few know much about them.  In this class, these three men, along with Jonathan Edwards, David Livingstone, Billy Graham, and C. S. Lewis will climb off the paper into the minds and hearts of God’s people.  These are giants in church history, who helped fashion centuries-worth of changes by impacting both culture and Christianity.  They are but seven of thousands who reformed the Church.  Since we cannot study everyone, these seven will suffice in letting church history come alive.


274D Unknowns from Church History

Church history is usually centered on the famous personalities, major movements, and ecumenical councils of Christendom.  Unfortunately, many of the most famous of these events and personalities did not uphold Biblical truth consistently.  This course will seek to demonstrate that throughout church history, there was always a testimony to the Word of God by faithful believers, even though they were largely ignored, suppressed, and marginalized, or even considered to be heretics and thus persecuted severely.  Groups such as the Montanists, Paulicians, Albigenses, and Waldensians will be evaluated and described from the information that is available about them.

Fulfills elective for Advanced Certificate.


277F Understanding Faith Perspectives through Music's Historical Culture

This class will utilize music from several faith traditions, with the ultimate goal of comparing and contrasting how these musical selections exhibit the culture that grew out of their historic setting.  We will consider how the geographical location, the era in which the music was written, and the religious wetting impacted each of the musical selections.

The faith traditions look at how Jewish music was impacted by the Semitic-Oriental cultures around Israel, then how the music of the Synagogue impacted the early Church, how music transitioned from the Roman Catholic Mass into music of the Protestant Reformation (particularly Bach’s Lutheran Cantatas) and finally examples of how Christian worship music is being written today in a non-Western (Hindu) culture.

Fulfills elective for Advanced Certificate.


Hymn Writers and Composers

For centuries, hymns have been an indispensable and frequent course of encouragement, teaching, and joy to believers, both in congregational use and in private devotions.  The premise of this course is that when a believer understands something about the writers, composers, and circumstances surrounding hymns, the hymns take on an added dimension of “inspiration” for those who use them.  Godly hymns have proven time and time again to be indispensable for Christian growth and steadfastness for believers in all walks of life, and knowing about their origins will greatly enhance our appreciation of them.
Fulfills elective for Advanced Certificate.


280B Roman Catholicism vs. the Bible

Until the middle of the previous century, it was easy to point out differences between Roman Catholic teachings and Bible basics.  Now, however, the spirit of the age is that of tolerance.   And besides, the two sides have reached agreement on doctrines that used to divide Roman Catholics from fundamentalists.  Or have these differences really been patched up?  This course seeks to demonstrate that there are important contradictions, today as before, between Roman Catholic doctrines and what the Bible says.  Ignoring or failing to understand these differences on subjects such as justification, the mass, Mary, and the source of authority leads only to confusion and a loss of effectiveness in evangelizing those whom we ought to love as God loves them.


280D Answering Jehovah's Witnesses in Love

Jehovah’s Witnesses are everywhere in New York City.  Their headquarters have been in Brooklyn for over 100 years.  Pairs of witnesses knock on doors every weekend seeking to convert you and your neighbors to their version of Christianity.  The Jehovah’s Witnesses present Christians with an amazing opportunity to do evangelism, yet many would rather close the door (quite literally!) to that opportunity than have a conversation!  This course will familiarize you with who the Witnesses are, what they believe, and how to answer their questions so that your next encounter with them may be fruitful and God-honoring!


280E A Biblical Evaluation of Seventh-Day Adventism

Seventh-Day Adventism has gained a worldwide influence that many view as very similar to Evangelical Christianity.  The only difference, they say, is that Adventists prefer to worship on Saturday instead of Sunday.  Is this difference really significant, and is it the only one?  Do they hold other doctrines that may affect their status as Biblical Christians?  This course seeks to investigate the teachings of Seventh-Day Adventists—topics such as their doctrine of soul-sleep, annihilation of the wicked, and the influence of Ellen G. White.  Only as we examine its teachings, especially on the doctrine of justification by faith, can we decide whether it can claim the label of “evangelical.”


290E Answers to Life's Tough Questions

The Bible is a book of redemptive history.  As God's manual to us, all relevant principles of truth are covered but the specifics may not be clear-cut.  What is the meaning of life?  Can I be pro-life, pro-death penalty, and pro-2nd amendment?  Should every leader be prayed for?  Can a person be associated with the LGBTQIA community and be a Christian?  How should I vote?  What will heaven be like?  Can a person lose his/hers salvation?  Can race-relations be salvaged?  This course will provide Biblical answers to life's tough questions.


No required textbook


290S The Sabbath: The Christian @ Rest

Americans often emphasize how important work is and how much we desire to work.  Sometimes our over emphasis on work and our proud attachment to the "Protestant work ethic" has led to too much work, and not enough rest.  It comes at the expense of our health and the devaluing of our personal relationships.  This course will look at the restorative value of rest as we examine the practice of the Sabbath.

Fulfills Advanced Certificate elective.


A Biblical Evaluation of Calvinism

The literature on the subject of Calvinism is truly voluminous, which may make it difficult to understand the essentials of that subject.  In this course, we will look at three of the issues that are at the center of controversy:  unconditional election, limited atonement, and irresistible grace.  The aim is to present the views accurately and to consider them biblically and reasonably, enabling the students to have joyful assurance of salvation and to present the Gospel to the lost clearly.
Fulfills Intermediate ministry elective or Advanced elective.


Dispensational or Reformed Theology

Two major theological camps within the Christian evangelical community are Dispensational and Reform.  While proponents of Reform Theology trace the exposition of their doctrinal tenets back to the Reformers of the 16th and 17th centuries A.D., dispensationalists only go back as far as the late 1800s.  However, both camps use the Bible as their major theological text.  Nevertheless, the hermeneutical method employed by the dispensationalist and the reform or covenant theologians are worlds apart.  Students of the Bible and Christian theology are often perplexed because they learn one of these theological positions in their church and are presented with the other in one of the Bible classes.  This course will objectively examine both theological positions and allow the students to make up their own minds.
Fulfills elective for Advanced Certificate.


The Covenant of Grace

God’s gracious covenant runs through the whole Bible, from Genesis to Revelation, giving the Bible a glorious unity. Rejoice in how God progressively reveals His covenant promise in Christ, from the Fall to the Second Coming. Learn how you fit into God’s ongoing plan of redemption.
Fulfills elective for Advanced Certificate.


291R Principles of Reformation Theology

God has given us a tremendous heritage through the Protestant Reformation!  Some of the highlights we will look at include:  The Five Onlys; The Five Points; The Sovereignty of God: Liberty of Conscience; Sphere Sovereignty.


292B Four Views of Hell

Is there really life after death?  Is purgatory real?  Is it true that there are no second chances for redemption once one has died?  Are the descriptions of hell found in the Bible real or metaphorical?  Are Gehenna, the Pit, Hades, the Lake of Fire, and Hell the same location?  Why does the Old Testament not give a complete picture of the afterlife?  These and many other questions will be discussed and evaluated from a close interaction with the various Biblical and theological arguments and evidence.  As a result of this class, one’s ability to respond to those who have these and similar questions will be strengthened and one’s evangelistic zeal will be encouraged.


292C What the Bible Says About Women in Ministry

Historically, the Evangelical Church has been opposed to women preachers and pastors.  Some fundamental churches, like charismatic congregations, have allowed women to preach and pastor.  Liberal churches have for ages promoted gender equality in the pulpit.  This course will explore the two major perspectives on this controversial issue.


292E Four Views on Eternal Security

The doctrine of eternal security is widely debated in the Church today.  Many feel that this teaching gives Christians a right to live a licentious life.  Opponents of the doctrine of eternal security accuse supporters of promoting antinomianism and making shipwreck of the Faith.  Proponents of the doctrine argue that the perseverance of the believer is a vital element of the doctrine of justification.  For them, to deny the doctrine of eternal security is to deny the Gospel.  We will examine four points of view on this topic to help broaden our understanding and appreciation for the complexities of this teaching.


292F What the Bible Says About Divorce and Remarriage

The Christian Church is divided over the issue of divorce and remarriage.  This polemic has it roots in ancient Judaism.  There were two schools of thought on this topic among the Pharisees.  One position articulated by the school of Shammai held that one could only obtain a divorce on the grounds of sexual immorality.  The school of Hillel believed that a man could divorce his wife for any reason.  The Pharisees ask Jesus in Mark 10 which school did He support.  This course will explore the complexities of the Markan passage and other texts as well as the tradition on this topic.


292G Contemporary Views vs. the Biblical View on Jesus

Ever since Albert Schweitzer’s monumental work, The Quest for the Historical Jesus, New Testament scholars have viewed Jesus as an apocalyptic prophet who prophesied a world cataclysm and the inauguration of the Kingdom of God.  Evangelical scholars have challenged this perspective, insisting that Jesus is the true Son of God.  This course will examine both claims from an exegetical and theological outlook.


292H Who Was the Apostle Paul?

Paul was without a doubt one of the most controversial figures in human history.  He opened the door for the influx of Gentiles into the Church.  Paul’s exposition on justification by faith and freedom from Torah observance create a great deal of antipathy against him, especially among Jews.  While his letters were ad hoc, they formed the basis for Christian theology.  This course will examine the four major views on Paul and his ministry.


292I The Challenge of the Christian Faith in a Pluralistic Society

Evangelical Christians have been categorized as religiously myopic and intolerant towards other communities of faith.  Fundamentalists have insisted that faith in Jesus Christ as Savior is the only way a person can get to heaven.  Many people are appalled at this claim.  They say that such an audacious assertion mocks the tenets of and thus invalidates other religions.  This course will survey the scholarly objections to the Biblical claim of salvation in Jesus in a pluralistic society.  We will examine the arguments that defend historical Christian soteriology.


292J Walking with God: Four Views of God and Time

God exists inside and outside of what we know as time.  How does He relate to us finite beings, bound by the realities of time and space?  Does the Holy Spirit know all things?  Did young Jesus know that He was destined for the cross?  Join us as we examine the powerful connection between the Celestial God and His beloved creation.


292K Predestination and Free Will: Four Views of Divine Sovereignty

The Bible contains God’s sovereign plan to redeem mankind for His own possession.  It also shows that God made man a sentient being with a mind, emotions, and a will of his own.  Join us as we examine this critical issue.  Together we will try to find the balance between these two clearly Biblical, yet seemingly contradictory, truths.


292L Five Views of Biblical Hermeneutics

We know that the Bible is the Word of the Living God, but how do we unlock it?  How do we decipher it?  From under-standing its basic meaning to plumbing its depths for rich hidden treasures of wisdom, we must study the Bible with our heads, hearts, and hermeneutics.  Join us as we discuss five ways to examine, interpret, and apply Biblical truth.


292M Five Views on Apologetics

In an ever-changing culture and ever-challenging world, there is still a need to defend our Christian faith.  As difficulties and challenges arise people are asking more and more questions about Christianity, Christ, and God.  We as believers need to know how to defend the faith all the more today than ever before.  In this course we will look at different methodologies of how to defend our faith.  You will learn different approaches of how to initiate apologetics in a loving and safe way so that the unsaved may come to know Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior.


292N Three Views on Creation and Evolution

Which one is it?  Creation or evolution?  Is it both?  How do we deal with the perspectives in a Biblical worldview?  This argument is debated worldwide.  A dominant view of evolution has taken over our schools, from elementary to college.  Our young men and women are coming home with a skewed view of creationism and evolution.  Though this may seem like a lost battle to the Christian, it is in fact a great opportunity of evangelism.  In this course we will look at the views and get a deeper perspective and understanding of what is being taught out there in the world.  We will also discuss how we can present the Christian worldview in order to win souls for Christ.


292O Five Views on Sanctification

The doctrine of sanctification is controversial.  There is no unanimity of opinion on this doctrine in the Church.  The primary dispute has been between Catholic and Protestants on the efficacy of sanctification.  Like the doctrine of justification, the issue of human merit is at the core of the controversy.  We will also examine different Protestant views on this doctrine.


292P Five Views on Church Government

The Bible says little about how alocal assembly should organize its government.  1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus, the Corinthian correspondences, and the book of Acts give us some insight into Church polity and government.  Nevertheless, these letters countenance for a great deal of diversity in the Church when it comes to how people organize their ecclesiastical administration.  This course will examine five kinds of Church government.  Each ecclesiastical administration is presented by a Biblical scholar who will corroborate his position with Scripture.  The student will broaden his/her perspective on Church government and be able to evaluate his/her own local Church administration in the light of Scripture.


296 Prosperity Gospel and the Bible

The Word of Faith Ministry is one of the fastest growing movements within Chris-tendom.  Although this phenomenon originated in the Pentecostal Church, it has greatly deviated from its parental origins.  The Word of Faith movement claims to be a Word-based ministry.  High profile personalities—Creflo Dollar, Kenneth Cope-land, Kenneth Hagen, John Avanzini, Fred Price, Jerry Seville, Leroy Thompson, Jesse Duplanits, and others—have huge followings and mesmerize the uninformed by their eisegetical methods of interpreting Scripture.  This course will examine this movement in the light of Scripture.


TFall 1 Answering Muslim Objections to the Gospel

Muslims have common questions and objections concerning Christianity, learn what they are and be prepared to give an answer.  Specifically, this session will address ways to respond to common questions from Muslims that include:  “Doesn’t Jesus say in the Bible that Mohammed is coming after Him?” “Isn’t the Bible corrupted?” and “Why do you believe in multiple gods and that God could have a son?”  Also, the speakers will address the Quran’s role in evangelism.


COST is $25 per seminar.  No credit earned.